Montreal’s economy is the second largest in Canada, based on GDP. It is a center for Canada’s aerospace, electronic goods, pharmaceutical, software, engineering, telecommunications, finance, textile manufacturing, tobacco, and transportation industries. It is also home to the headquarters of many international organizations. Montreal hosts the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the Olympic body’s World Anti-Doping Agency, and the International Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce (IGLCC).
Fortune Global 500 Companies
In 2012 there were 11 Fortune Global 500 Companies in Canada. Only one of those companies, Power Corporation of Canada, was located in Montreal.
Oh hey there neighbor. Welcome to Canada, eh. It’s aboot time you fellas showed up. Welcome to beautiful Montreal, the largest city in the province of Quebec and the second-largest city in Canada. Montréal is the central city of “French Canada,” a region of the country that has a majority population of French ancestry. The name “Montreal” comes from a three-peaked hill in the center of the city named “Mount Royal.” Over the years, many famous people have come out of Montreal, “Canada’s Cultural Capital,” including: NHL legend Toe Blake, singers Céline Dion and Corey Hart, Cirque de Soleil founder Guy Laliberté, actor William Shatner, and Canadian prime ministers Paul Martin, Brian Mulroney, and Pierre Trudeau.
Native Americans lived in present day Montreal over 4,000 years ago. By the 16th century, the St. Lawrence Iroquoians had built the village of Hochelaga at Mount Royal. In 1535 French explorer Jacques Cartier visited the village and estimated its population to be over 1,000 native people. Seventy years later, in the early 1600s, French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the area and discovered that the St. Lawrence Iroquoians had disappeared from the St. Lawrence Valley, likely wiped out by disease. Champlain took advantage of this opportunity and established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal in 1611.
Over the years, more French explorers came to “New France” and settled around the St. Lawrence River. The area became a center for fur trade and the base for French exploration in America. French settlement did not come without opposition by Native American tribes however. In the late 1600s the Beaver Wars broke out in Montreal and around the Great Lakes region. The Beaver Wars, or French and Iroquois Wars, were a series of bloody confrontations between Iroquois tribes and French-backed Algonquian tribes. Years later, in the 1750s, the English used their alliance with the Iroquois to defeat France in the Seven Years war and gain control of the Canadian territory.
Montreal became incorporated in 1832, and by 1860 it was the economic and cultural center of Canada. The city was also the capital of the Province of Canada for a few years until a Tory mob burnt down Montreal’s Parliament building in 1849. Since then Canada’s capital has been in Ottawa. Many people emigrated from the US to Montreal during the Prohibition and Great Depression years of the 1920s and 1930s. By 1951, Montreal’s population had reached over 1 million people. In 2002 the city merged with 27 surrounding city governments on the Island of Montreal, bumping its population to over 1.6 million people. This move was not popular among the English municipalities who felt forced into the merger with the French Canadians. Even today, tensions remain between French Canadians and English Canadians.
Metropolitan Area: 3,824,221
Major Industries: Aerospace, electronic goods, pharmaceutical, software, engineering, telecommunications, finance, textile manufacturing, tobacco, and transportation
Attractions: Old Montreal, Mount Royale, Olympic Statium
According to 2011 Canadian Census data, 1,649,519 people live in the city of Montreal. In addition, 1,886,481 people live on the Island of Montreal (between the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers) and 3,824,221 people live in the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area. Montreal is the capital and cultural center of “French Canada.” At 23% of Montreal’s population, French people make up the largest ethnicity in the city. Unlike most Canadian cities, French is Montreal’s official language. Nearly 67% of Montreal’s Metro Area speaks French at home while only 13% speak English as a first language. One percent of the population speaks both English and French at home while the other 19% speak some other language.
Montreal’s population tends to be pretty old, but then again, so is Canada’s. Montreal’s population is actually somewhat younger than Canada’s. Montreal’s percentage of 20-49 year olds is 44.37% of its population. That age group makes up 42% of Canada’s population. At the same time, Canada’s 50+ year olds make up 35.5% of its population while the same age group makes up only 32.34% of Montreal’s population. The median age in Montreal is 39.2 years. Many middle-aged people live here because the cost of living in the city is somewhat high. At the same time, it is a large city and the faster.
Interesting fact: Compared to other major cities in North America, Montreal is a very safe place to live. Crime rates here are very low. Furthermore, crime totals in specific areas such as murders, prostitution, armed robbery, car theft, and assault have been decreasing in recent years. The following graphs show the total number of cases of various crimes in Montreal between 2006 and 2010. Most interestingly, there were only 7 murders in the city in 2010.
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